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Rape Laws in Colorado

Sexual assault is a class 4 crime punishable by 2–6 years in prison, 3 years of parole, and a fine of up to $500,000, barring the circumstances, set out below.

A class 3 felony and above is one that carries a sentence of 4–12 years in prison, 3 years of parole, and a fine of up to $750,000 if:

  • Through the real use of physical force or other forms of physical violence, the actor forces the victim to submit.

  • The actor causes submission of the victim by threat of imminent death, serious bodily injury, extreme pain, or kidnapping, to be inflicted on anyone, and the victim believes the actor has the present ability to execute these threats

  • By utilizing any medication, intoxicant, or another method to force submission without the victim's consent, the actor has significantly reduced the victim's ability to judge or regulate their behavior.

Any of the aforementioned actions is a class 2 felony punishable by 8–24 years in prison, 5 years of parole, and a fine of up to $1 million if:

  • The actor uses a deadly weapon, an article that has been used or fashioned to give the impression that it is a deadly weapon or a verbal or nonverbal representation that the actor is carrying a deadly weapon while using the deadly weapon, article, or representation to coerce the victim into submission.

  • The victim sustains substantial physical harm.

  • The actor is physically assisted or abetted by one or more other people in the conduct of the sexual assault.

A class 4 felony, sexual assault on youth carries a sentence of 2–6 years in prison, 3 years of parole, and a maximum fine of $500,000.

Sexual assault on a child occurs, it is a class 3 crime punishable by 4–12 years in prison, 3–years of parole, and a fine of up to $750,000 if:

  • In order to achieve or enable sexual intercourse, the actor uses force against the victim.

  • The victim feels that the actor currently has the potential to carry out the threat of immediate death, significant bodily injury, intense suffering, or kidnapping against them or another person in order to achieve or facilitate sexual contact.

  • The actor threatens to take revenge by killing the victim or another person, inflicting severe physical harm, excruciating agony, or kidnapping them in the future in order to achieve or enable sexual intercourse, and the victim believes the actor will carry out the threat.

  • The actor has repeatedly committed the felony. The acts that make up the pattern of sexual abuse need not have been committed on a specific date or time, but they must have been committed at some point before or after the offense charged in the information or indictment. The act that is accused of in the information or indictment must be one of the instances of sexual contact with a minor required to establish a pattern of sexual abuse.

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