The Clery Act
According to the Clery Act, colleges and universities are required to publicly describe the policies and procedures they have implemented to increase campus safety, publish data on crime on campus, assist victims of violence, and support victims. The Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 was the most recent legislation to alter the Clery Act. Transparency about campus crime policies and statistics is one of the main goals of this law. Clery Act crime reporting is not just restricted to incidents that take place on campus or inside college residence halls and facilities. Institutions are required to report statistics on crimes committed off-campus, on public property inside the boundaries of the institution, close to the campus, and more.
One element is the need that, in order to obtain federal funds, colleges and universities distribute an annual security report (ASR) to staff and students each October 1. In addition to information on steps taken to increase campus safety, this annual security reporting must include data on campus crime for the three years prior. A policy statement on crime reporting, campus facility security and access, law enforcement authority, alcohol and drug use prevalence, and the prevention of/response to sexual assault, domestic or dating violence, and stalking must also be included in the annual security report.
Institutions are expected to offer introductory and ongoing prevention and awareness programs on the aforementioned offences to students and staff. These courses must cover topics like risk mitigation and bystander intervention in order to identify these crimes' precursors.
Universities are required to give victims of the crimes mentioned above a written description of their legal rights. These rights include the choice to change housing, transportation, or the assignment for an academic course. They also consist of notice to police enforcement, access to counseling services, and legal assistance.